The visualization illustrates a model revealing an exponential relationship of value creation versus trust/honesty.

It works in the following way: a population consisting of a number of individuals undergo a number of transactions (iterations). Each individual is described by its capital, honesty and its trust to each of the other individuals. Each transaction occurs between two individuals A and B in the following way:

- A invests a value in B, where value = capital of A x trust between A and B
- B generates some added value from the investment
- a die is rolled and and is compared to the honesty of B: B either returns the investment (successful transaction) or keeps the full investment (unsuccessful transaction)
- in case of a successful transaction, the trust between A and B is increased. Conversely it is decreased in case of an unsuccessful transaction

Displaying the result in a graph shows that growth depends exponentially on the honesty and trust of a population.

It quite clearly illustrates that for a group of individuals, adopting an honest and trustful culture is a winning strategy.

Try and move the iterations slider, say double the number of iterations. The slope of the point cloud doubles as well. That would indicate that the growth is also an exponential function of the number of transactions. In consequence it would be a winning strategy to process as many transactions as possible (per time unit), i.e. adopting an open and engaging attitude.

Check out the code here

$$ \left\{ \begin{aligned} \frac{dv_i}{dt} &= \sum_j (1+\frac{1}{2}\gamma)v_iT_{ij}x_{ij} + \frac{1}{2}\gamma v_jT_{ji}x_{ji} + (1+\gamma)v_jT_{ji}(1-x_{ji}) \\ \frac{dT_{ij}}{dt} &= T_{ij}\left(\frac{1+\alpha}{1+\alpha T_{ij}}\right)^{2(x_{ij}-\frac{1}{2})} + T_{ji}\left(\frac{1+\alpha}{1+\alpha T_{ji}}\right)^{2(x_{ji}-\frac{1}{2})}\\ x_{ij} &= \left\{ \begin{aligned} 0,& \text{ with probability } 1-h_j\\ 1,& \text{ with probability } h_j \end{aligned} \right. \end{aligned} \right. $$ where \(x_{ij} \in \{0,1\}\) is a random variable expressing whether a transaction at time \(t\) from individual \(i\) to individual \(j\) is successful. \(v_i\) is the value (capital) of individual \(i\), \(h_i \in [0,1]\) its honesty, \(T_{ij} \in ]0,1[\) is the trust from individual \(i\) to individual \(j\) (it is kept symmetrical, i.e. \(T_{ij} = T_{ji}\) ). The constant \(\gamma\) (gain) expresses the value created in each transaction relative to the investment. The constant \(\alpha\) expresses how much the trust increases or decreases during a successful, respectively unsuccessful transaction.

- Growth increases exponentially as a function of trust.
- Growth increases exponentially as a function of productivity.
- The individual's trust level or productivity is not determining for the position (capital) within the society.
- The group's average level of honesty/trust is determining for the individuals' capital (the individuals stay grouped).
- The model is highly simplified and doesn't capture all aspects, but is generally perceived as an expression of common sense.
- According to the model, the winning strategy for the individual is to promote honesty and active relations within one's social groups.